Question # 028
During the Ramadan time, I have broken one of Fasting. Now I am fasting for straight 60 days. Am I doing wrong?? please let me know
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.
Jazakumullahu Khairan for reaching out and asking your question. May Allah Ta’ala grant us all the ability to act upon the teachings of Islam in a matter that pleases Him. Ameen.
Firstly, it must be understood that there are many different scenarios that might occur which invalidate an individual’s fast, and each scenario will result in a different ruling being applied. Unfortunately, it is not mentioned the way that your fast was broken, thus, the specific ruling that applies to your situation is unclear. However, below we will provide a summary on possible situations that invalidate the fast and the penalty required for them.
Actions which invalidate fast are of two kinds. The first one requires Qadhaa (only making up missed days), the other one not only requires Qadhaa but also Kaffarah (a penalty).
The following are the things that require Qada only:
When performing wudhu the water goes down the throat
To vomit intentionally
Mansturbation and constant intentional thought
Being forced to eat, drink, or to have sexual intercourse
Eating and drinking thinking that it is the nighttime, when in reality the fasting period already started
Eating and drinking thinking that sunset happened, when it reality it is still during the fasting period
Eating forgetfully and thereafter thinking that the fast broke due to eating forgetfully (when it reality it does not break due to forgetful eating) and continuing to eat
Things that not only require Qada but also Kaffarah are the following:
Sexual intercourse during fasting
Eating and drinking intentionally
A penalty is then required for the broken fast along with the requirement to make up for that fast (qadhaa) at a later stage. The kaffarah penalty is to fast for an additional period of 60 continuous days. To be precise, this means that if one deliberately breaks one’s expiating fast at any time during the two fasting months, one must start their expiating fast of two months over again. If one is not able to fast for 60 continuous days due to any sickness or disability, then he must feed sixty poor people one average meal (the amount of sadaqatul fitr) each. Before the days of Islam, slavery was a common practice in the Arab world. Islam eliminated slavery from the society in a very short period of time. A useful approach was to allow people to free a slave as a charity or as a penalty for a sin. Thus during the time of the Prophet (S.A.W.), setting a slave free was the penalty one must pay as a kaffarah, if he or she had a slave. However, we must remember that the kaffarah penalty will be according to the above mentioned order, i.e. one must first fast for 60 continuous days and if he/she feels that they are not able to do so, then he/she will resort to the second option which is to feed 60 poor people.
There are many other things that could go under each category. To further clarify what applies to your situation, contact your local Ulamah.
May Allah s.w.t. grant tawfeeq and guide us all, Ameen.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Student - Jamiah Islamiyah Abu Bakr
Checked & Approved by Shaykh Kasim Ingar
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